The word Baloch, by its connotation is meant nomad. Over 75 percent of the Baloch live in Balochistan. Apart from Balochistan, Baloch also dwell on other provinces of Pakistan. Moreover, about the origin of the world ‘Baloch’, Rawlinson (1873) estimated that the word ‘BALOCH’ came from the name of Babylonian king and god blues. Similarly, Dames (1904) explains that it is derived from the Persian language in the 6th century. Naseer Dashti (2012) believes that the word ‘Baloch’ has been derived from the name of ethnic group Balaschik living in Balochistan.
According to some estimates that the population of Baloch is around 2.5 million worldwide, however it is difficult to estimate the exact number. But they make 5 percent of Pakistan’s population. According to some people many Baloch are said to be migrated to Balochistan from Aleppo (Syria) in the 12th century.
Nonetheless, Baloch culture is opposite to the general perception about it. Though Balochistan is area of Barren lands, Deserts and Mountains, the Baloch culture is full of traditions, Arts and Crafts .which are done by the female .No doubt, Balochistan is also known for its Tribes and Festivals. Another distinct feature of Baloch culture is the Story telling tradition poets and story teller are highly respected in Baloch Culture.
he people belonging to Baloch tribe speak Balochi language. Balochi language is an ancient language. However, its roots are traced back to Iranian branch of Indo-European family. It has remembrance with the languages such as; Sanskrit, Old Persian, and many more. Which nowadays are said to be as dead languages.
Similarly, the Tribes are divided into, RAND, BUGTI, GICHKI, LASHARI and so on. The tribe has a head known as”sardar’ Mir and Malik. These tribe heads are members of districts and local jirgas.
In Baloch culture marriages are different and unique than in the other provinces of the country. The marriages are according to Islam ,province of witnesses. Every member of family takes part I marriage; they express their joy and happiness by following the traditions of their culture. Sally the marriages are done in young ages (teenage)but are arranged in early childhood or at birth. In some tribes there is a tradition of takings ‘valve’ ‘it is a sum of many paid by the groom to the family of the bride.
Certainly, like all other provinces of Pakistan the national dress Shalwar kameez with distinct additions and modifications are wore in Baloch culture. Furthermore, the people dress up very pleasingly and in the same way in all the tribes. Turban is the common headwear of Baloch men long with wide loose shalwar long with knee-long shirts. Also female dress consists of a shirt having a big pocket and embroidery and embedded round mirror work in front .on the other hand, Baloch culture is rich in folk music dances and songs. Famous wedding songs of Baloch culture are ‘Nazenk, Salonk and so many.
Usually Baloch people have meals in morning and evening men and women eat separately. Such as, wheat, rice and millet also in important dish of Baloch. There are many foods for Baloch which they liked Very much. In fact, if we see other countries foods then Balochi foods are totally different.
Hence, Baloch are brave.so everyone has to love their nation and make it beautiful.
By Noor Bakhsh